Paul Santos faced a dilemma: the Navy had grounded him because a brain cyst was causing headaches and blurred vision. But conventional surgery to correct the condition would leave him with a metal plate in his skull. And that plate would also ground him . . . permanently.
UCLA surgeon John Frazee had the solution. Using equipment he helped to design, he can do "minimally invasive" surgery, working through an opening about the size of a dime. It's the neurosurgery of the future, today